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What are the types of concrete mixer?

edited October 12 in Concrete Mixer

There are two broad types of concrete mixers:
Batch mixers
Drum Types Mixer
Tilting drum mixers
Non-tilting drum mixer
Reversing drum mixer
Pan Type Mixer
Continuous mixers
Different Types of Concrete Mixer or Concrete Mixing Machines
Batch Concrete Mixers
Batch mixers are widely used machines for concrete mixing. Concrete mix obtained by this mixer is collected batch by batch and time by time. So, it is called as batch mixer. After pouring all the materials into pan or drum, it mixes all of those for some time and finally discharges. This process is repeated until required amount of concrete mix is obtained. In general Batch mixers are two types.
Drum type mixers
Pan type mixers
Drum Type Mixers
In case Drum type mixers concrete ingredients are mixed in a drum which is actually in double conical frustum shape. Drum types mixers are classified into three types:
Tilting drum mixers
Non-tilting drum mixers
Reversing drum mixers
Tilting Drum Mixers Tilting drum mixer means the drum will discharge concrete by tilting downwards. It is rapid discharge process and used for larger projects. Rapid means it delivers concrete by gravity that is tilting the drum downwards because of this the concrete mix obtained will be not subjected to segregation. Low workable concretes which contains large sized aggregates of size greater than 7.5cm are also mixed efficiently with this tilting type mixers. But the mixing efficiency depends on some of the factors as follows:
Shape of the drum
Angle of the drum
Size of blades
Angle of blades
The only disadvantage of this mixer is sticking of concrete to bottom of drum. To overcome this a method called buttering of mixer is applied in which some amount of cement mortar is mixed in the mixer before mixing first batch of concrete.Tilting Drum Mixers
Non-Tilting Drum Mixers Non- tilting drum mixers are not allowed to tilt and the drum rotates about its horizontal axis. For the discharge of concrete a chute is arranged in inclined position which will receives the concrete mix from drum and discharges out. In this case, the drum is opened at two ends and consists blades insides when materials are poured through one end and mix is collected through another end. Rapid discharge of concrete is not possible in this case. Due to this delay, the concrete may be vulnerable to segregation. The larger size aggregate is not discharged easily with the mix. So, size of aggregate mot more than 7.5cm is preferable for this type of mixers. So, this type of mixers are generally used for small projects.Non-Tilting Drum Mixers
Reversing Drum Mixers Reversing drum mixers are similar to non-tilting type mixers but in this case reversal of rotation takes place for different action. The drum has two openings, one end is for pouring materials and other end is for discharge of mix. The drum rotates about its horizontal axis. The rotation of drum takes place in one direction for mixing and in opposite direction for discharging. Two different set of blades are arranged for mixing and discharging. They are suitable for dry concrete mixes.Reversing Drum Mixers
Pan Type Concrete Mixers
Pan type mixers consists a circular pan in which concrete is mixed. The mixing is done by blades which are arranged in star shape inside the pan. There are two types of pan mixers are available. In one case, the circular pan is constant and only star blades rotate about vertical axis of pan. In the other case, circular pan rotates while the blades are at static position. But in both cases, the mixing is efficient and concrete mixture is collected through central hole provided in the pan. The rotating star blades contains special blades called scrapper blades which will make concrete not to stick to the pan. The blades can also be adjusted in height so, there is no room for concrete to store in the pan. We can say among the all types of batch mixers pan type mixer are more efficient.Pan Type Concrete Mixers
Continuous Concrete Mixers
Continuous mixer, the name itself telling its duty that the loading, mixing and discharging of mix is continuously done until the work is complete or work break occurs. The loading of materials is done continuously by screw feeders. Continuous mixtures are used for very large projects such as dams, bridges, construction of high rise buildings, etc.

Comments

  • Other Varieties of Concrete Mixers
    Twin Shaft Concrete Mixers
    These mixers are used for their high intensity mixing in a very short time. They are used in projects where high strength is needed and are often used to make self-consolidating concrete.

    Vertical Axis Concrete Mixers
    These mixers are used for precast and pre-stressed concrete. Vertical axis concrete mixers clean well between batches and are preferred for their precast and colored batches. They are also more suitable for smaller areas and consist of more than one discharge points. The planetary or counter-current mixers in this category are particularly popular.

    Volumetric and Metered Mixers
    These mixers measure out precise proportions of cement, stone, sand, and water on site, which means trucks do not have to mix in-transit. This reduces the risk of concrete hardening if the truck mixers get stuck in traffic. It also produces the exact amount of concrete needed and prevents waste.

    Special Purpose Concrete Mixers

    Hopper concrete mixers and conveyor belt mixers are two special purpose mixers that are used for precast forms, block making, and batching.

    There are also special self-loading mixers which providing mixing and transportation at the same time. These mixers are used in-transit or when batch mixers are unavailable or if workers are limited.

    In batching plants, there are large batching concrete mixers which have storage, discharge, and delivery capabilities. These are sold for large batching projects, usually for a large block or ready-mix manufacturers. Batching plants connect conveyor belts and storage silos to the mixing equipment itself.

    Some concrete mixers come with built-in lifts to easily apply the material to upper levels.

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